The Biodiversity of Aotearoa New Zealand
Aotearoa New Zealand has a high level of endemic biodiversity, with an estimated 80,000 species of native animals, plants and fungi found only here. This includes all frogs and reptiles, more than 90% of insects, approximately 80% of vascular plants and a quarter of bird species.
This incredible vibrancy is fading fast.
- In the last 1,000 years, 40 of our indigenous land and marine species have become extinct. The most recent inventory identified 799 threatened species and 2,741 at risk species
- Over 90% of our wetlands have been drained and destroyed
- 76% of our freshwater fish are threatened with extinction
- Three quarters of New Zealand’s indigenous forest has been cut down